Daniel, Francisco (Alberto Clemente) Salvador
- Guy Bourligueux
- , revised by Kristy Barbacane
(b Bourges, Feb 17, 1831; d Paris, May 24, 1871). French musicologist and composer of Spanish descent. He was a pupil at the Ecole Normale in Bourges and studied violin, piano and theory from his father, Salvador Daniel. The father and son team co-wrote a music theory book for children titled Alphabet musical, ou principes élémentaires de la théorie et pratique de la musique in 1843. Salvador Daniel entered the Paris Conservatoire in 1843 and studied with Belgian virtuoso violinist André Robberechts (1797–1860). He wrote several short songs for voice and piano and later joined the orchestra of the Théâtre-Lyrique, where he became friendly with Delibes. He also played the viola with Achille Gouffé in chamber music concerts.
Daniel’s friendship with Félicien David influenced him to go to Algeria in 1853, where he studied Arabic and collected folksongs with the financial and logistical support of the French government in Algeria. He also travelled to Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, Spain, and Portugal, and translated Arab music treatises with the help of an interpreter at the Consulate in Tangiers. In Algiers he lived with his sister, a vocal teacher, taught music at the Ecole arabe française and played violin at the Théâtre d’Alger, also known at that time as the Opéra d’Alger. He directed two choral ensembles in Algiers, the Orphéon d’algérien and the Harmonie d’Alger, and founded several others including ...