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date: 20 August 2019

Denmark (Dan. Danmark)locked

  • Niels Martin Jensen,
  • Louis K. Christensen
  •  and Svend Nielsen


(Dan. Danmark)

Country in Scandinavia.

Niels Martin Jensen

Danish art music in the Middle Ages was largely restricted to the church, the court and the aristocracy. After the first, only partially successful, attempts to convert Denmark to Christianity (9th century), the power of Church and king increased from the 11th century. The bishoprics of Schleswig, Ribe and Århus were established before 948 and five others in the 11th century. Lund in particular seems to have played an important role in the development of church music (see Malmö). Links with the archbishopric of Hamburg-Bremen were strong until Lund became the archbishopric of Scandinavia in 1104, and cultural contacts with France and Italy developed during the 12th and 13th centuries; the liturgies for the first Danish saints, King Knud the Saint and Duke Knud Lavard, also indicate a link with English Benedictine monasteries.

Gregorian chant in the monasteries and churches was the responsibility of cantors. Little source material survives: three sequences in the ...

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