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date: 17 September 2019

Didymus [Didymos ho mousikos]locked

  • Lukas Richter


[Didymos ho mousikos]

(fl ?2nd half of 1st century Bce). Greek music theorist. Fragments of his work survive in quotation by Porphyry and Ptolemy. Most musicological studies have hitherto tacitly assumed him to be identical with the Alexandrian grammarian and lexicographer Didymus, nicknamed ‘Chalkenteros’ (or ‘Chalcenterus’; fl second half of 1st century bce), who, according to Quintilian (i.8, 10) and Athenaeus (iv.139c), produced more than 3500 books on literary and antiquarian subjects; these included compilations of Hellenistic philology, much drawn on by later authors, although only a few fragments now survive. The qualification ho mousikos (‘the musician’), almost invariably added to the name by Ptolemy and Porphyry, suggests, however, that this identification is incorrect. Classical scholars have proposed that Didymus was a younger man of the same name, a grammarian and musician at Rome in the time of Nero, probably the Didymus who wrote a work, now lost, cited by Clement of Alexandria (...

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Journal of Music Theory