Diruta [Mancini], Girolamo
- Claude V. Palisca
(b Deruta, nr Perugia, c1554; d after March 25, 1610). Italian organist, teacher and music theorist. He was the author of the first comprehensive treatise on organ playing, in the form of a dialogue under the title Il transilvano, published in two parts (Venice, 1593, 1609).
In a letter dated 1 February 1602 from Chioggia to the magistrates of Deruta, Diruta pleaded that after 30 years of work he desired to return to his homeland. This would indicate that he began his career as an organist in about 1572. On 19 June 1574 he entered the Franciscan monastery of Correggio, near Reggio nell'Emilia, at the same time as Battista Capuani, who may have been his first teacher. He apparently went to Venice in about 1580: he acknowledged that he had as preceptors Zarlino, Costanzo Porta and Claudio Merulo (Il transilvano, seconda parte, iii, 11). Merulo left Venice in ...