Doles, Johann Friedrich
- J. Bradford Robinson
(b Steinbach, Thuringia, April 23, 1715; d Leipzig, Feb 8, 1797). German composer, organist and conductor.
His father Johann Andreas Doles, the Kantor of Steinbach, died in 1720, leaving the family in great poverty, and the boy’s musical education was entrusted to his elder brother Johann Heinrich, who succeeded to his father’s position. At the age of 12 Johann Friedrich was sent to school in Schmalkalden. There at 15 he was offered the vacant organist’s post, in which he deputized for a year. At 19 he enrolled in the Schleusingen Gymnasium. After one and a half years he was made prefect of the school’s choir; he also organized a weekly concert series, together with a number of fellow students, and composed some motets, arias, an Actus dramaticus (1737) and occasional pieces. After completing his course in 1739 he immediately enrolled at Leipzig University, and while there pursued his study of music with Bach, who after four years of instruction recommended him to the post of Kantor in Salzwedel. Near the end of his student years Doles apparently directed Leipzig’s new Grosse Concert-Gesellschaft (founded in ...