- Josef Häusler
Town in Germany. It was noted in the 20th century for its festival of contemporary music. It was the home of the Fürstenbergs from 1488; they maintained a court chapel and opera which achieved particularly high standards during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and employed musicians such as J.W. Kalliwoda, J.A. Sixt, Joseph Fiala and Conradin Kreutzer. The works of Mozart, Dittersdorf, Umlauf and J.A. Hiller were particularly popular there and Italian works by Cimarosa, Gazzaniga, Piccinni, Sarti, Salieri and Paisiello were frequently heard. It became an internationally known centre for contemporary music between 1921 and 1926, and since 1950 has re-established its reputation.
The Donaueschingen Festival was the first to devote itself exclusively to contemporary music; it is organized by the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde Donaueschingen, in collaboration from 1950 with the Südwestfunk (SWF), Baden-Baden (which was renamed Südwestrundfunk in 1998 following its merger with the Süddeutsche Rundfunk in Stuttgart). The programmes between ...