Du Cange, Charles (Dufresne), Sieur
- Albert Cohen
(b Amiens, Dec 18, 1610; d Paris, Oct 23, 1688). French historian, philologist and lexicographer. He was one of a celebrated group of learned 17th-century French scholars who founded modern historical and linguistic criticism. He was a student of law in Orléans and practised at the parliament in Paris from 1631 before returning to Amiens, where he was appointed treasurer in 1645. He left in 1668 for Paris, where he produced his major works: Glossarium ad scriptores mediae et infimae latinitatis (Paris, 1678; many subsequent edns, of which that by L. Favre, Paris, 1883–7/R, is current) and Glossarium ad scriptores mediae et infimae graecitatis (Lyons, 1688/R). The first of these is of particular importance to students of medieval music for the large number of musical terms and instruments it describes, derived largely from primary sources.DBF (R. d'Amat) FétisBS [incl. list of musical terms found in the Latin glossary]...