Duchambge [Du Chambge; née du Montet], (Charlotte-Antoinette-)Pauline
- Judy Tsou
- , revised by William Cheng
(b Martinique, 1778; d Paris, April 23, 1858). French composer. The daughter of a noble family from Martinique, she was taken to Paris, where she received a convent education and studied the piano with Jean-Baptiste Desormery. She left the convent in 1792, and in 1796 married the Baron Philibert Duchambge d’Elbhecq, with whom she had two children. In 1798, at the age of 20, she lost both her parents and the family fortune, and she was divorced soon afterwards. It was after these crises that Duchambge’s musical education began in earnest. She studied with Jan Ladislav Dussek, Cherubini and Auber, with whom she had a close relationship. She met the poet Marceline Desbordes-Valmore (1786–1859) in about 1815; their lifelong friendship is documented by a lengthy correspondence and a number of songs on Desbordes-Valmore’s texts. Through her Duchambge met the leading French poets of her day, including Chateaubriand, Lamartine, Hugo, and Vigny, who wrote texts for her. Duchambge also set texts of other women writers such as Mme Amable Tastu and Mme Emile de Girardin. She once noted that she owed much of the popularity of her ...