Egypt, Arab Republic of (Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiya)
- Robert Anderson,
- Salwa El-Shawan Castelo-Branco
- and Virginia Danielson
(Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiya)
Country in North Africa at the south-eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, with its capital at Cairo. Although its total area is close to one million km², its cultivated and settled area, which includes the Nile valley and delta and the oases, is only about 35,500 km². The two main districts are Lower Egypt (around the delta region) and Upper Egypt. Of its total population of about 68 million (2000 estimate), about 85% are Muslim, with Christians of various sects the largest minority. Most of the population is now at least partly of Arab descent, but there are some distinct ethnic minorities, notably the Nubians in southern Egypt and the nomadic Berbers in the desert areas.
The art music of Egypt since contact with Islam has been part of the mainstream of Arab music in the Middle East and is discussed along with other aspects of Middle Eastern art music in ...