Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 20 January 2020

Encina [Enzina], Juan del [Fermoselle, Juan de]locked

  • Isabel Pope
  • , revised by Tess Knighton


[Fermoselle, Juan de]

(b Salamanca, July 12, 1468; d León, late 1529 or early 1530). Spanish poet, dramatist and composer. He was born Juan de Fermoselle in Salamanca, where his father was a shoemaker; it has been suggested that he was of Jewish descent. One of at least seven children, he, like several of his brothers, pursued a career that brought him into contact with the higher echelons of society. Diego de Fermoselle was professor of music at Salamanca University from 1479 until 1522, and may well have taught his younger brother. Juan became a choirboy in the cathedral in 1484, where another of his brothers, Miguel, was a chaplain. By 1490, when he, too, briefly held a chaplaincy at Salamanca Cathedral (a position he was forced to resign as he was not ordained), he had adopted the name Juan del Encina, probably his matronymic, but also perhaps a conscious reference to the Castilian holm oak as well as the ilex of Virgil’s bucolic poetry which clearly exerted considerable influence over him. He would have coincided with the great Spanish humanist Antonio de Nebrija at Salamanca, where he studied law probably between ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

Anuario musical
Segovia, Catedral, Archivo Capitular
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Dipartimento Musica
Early Music
Madrid, Patrimonio Nacional
R. Stevenson: Spanish Music in the Age of Columbus (The Hague, 1960/R)