- Günter Fleischhauer
The region of western Italy occupied by the ancient Etruscans; the name is a Roman one.
The Etruscans (Lat. Tusci, Etrusci; Gk. Turrhēnoi, Tursēnoi) were probably of east Mediterranean origin, migrating to north-west Italy in the 9th to 8th centuries bce. Modern research (Pallottino, Pfiffig etc.) suggests that they did not migrate as an ethnic unity but grew together gradually (from about the 10th century bce onwards) in central Italy from different indigenous and non-indigenous ethnic, linguistic and cultural elements as the ‘populi Etruriae’.
From the late 8th century until the 1st century bce they inhabited the fertile region of west-central Italy between the Arno and the Tiber bounded by the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Appennines, approximating to modern Tuscany. Their economy and culture were based on agriculture, fishing, hunting, metal-working in bronze, gold and iron, and trading by sea as far away as the coast of Asia Minor. They achieved their greatest territorial expansion in the ...