Final (Lat. finalis)
- Harold S. Powers
The concluding scale degree of any melody said to be in a Mode. In the church modes, the final note of a melody came to be regarded, together with its Ambitus, as one of the two required determinants of the mode of that melody. In the earliest stages of the mutual adaptation of the eight-mode system and the repertory of Gregorian chant, the final degree of a melody did not have this overwhelming hegemony. Mode was originally an aural convenience that helped to control the melodic connection of an antiphon or responsory with its verse, as well as being a theoretical system of classification. In the practical domain of aural tradition the final of an antiphon was not as important as its incipit, since it was by the pattern of the antiphon's beginning that the choice of its ...