Folia (Port., It. [It. occasionally follia]; Sp. folía; Fr. folie)
- Giuseppe Gerbino
- and Alexander Silbiger
A term for a musical framework used during the Baroque period for songs, dances and sets of variations. In the late 17th century a related, alternative form gained popularity and for some time co-existed with the original model.
The history of the folia predates the earliest surviving musical sources. A dance called ‘folia’ was popular in late 15th-century Portugal; it probably originated as a folk dance, but Portuguese sources of the period mention folias sung and danced during both popular festivals and courtly spectacles (Vasconcelos, ...