- Christine Ballman
(b Antwerp, Dec 27, 1930). Belgian composer. She was taught the piano by Ignace Bolotine and Marcel Maas, and studied composition first with Marcel Quinet (1947–59), then in Paris (1954–5) with Max Deutsch, who introduced her to serial techniques. She furthered her studies in Vienna (1956) and at the Chapelle Musicale Reine Elisabeth, Belgium (1956–9). In 1961 she married the composer Camille Schmit, who encouraged and influenced her through the rigour of his own work. She held appointments as professor of counterpoint at the conservatories in Antwerp (1963–70) and Brussels (1969–71), and taught composition at the latter (1971–90). From 1991 she devoted herself entirely to her own composition. Among the awards she has received are the Oscar Espla Prize (Alicante, 1961) and the Arthur Honegger prize (1987). In 1988 she was awarded a commission by the Koussevitzky Foundation of the Library of Congress in Washington....