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Fuchs, Johann Nepomuklocked

  • Robert Pascall

(b Frauental, Styria, May 5, 1842; d Vöslau, nr Vienna, Oct 5, 1899). Austrian conductor, teacher, editor and composer, brother of Robert Fuchs. He studied theory with Simon Sechter in Vienna and was appointed Kapellmeister of the Bratislava Opera in 1864. He then worked as an opera conductor in Brno (where his only opera, Zingara, was first produced in 1872), Kassel, Cologne, Hamburg, Leipzig and finally, from 1880, at the Vienna Hofoper. In 1873 he married the singer Anthonie Exner in Kassel. Fuchs became a professor of composition at the Vienna Conservatory in 1888 and succeeded Hellmesberger as its director in 1893; the next year he received the title of assistant Hofkapellmeister for his work at the court opera. He played an important part in preparing the Schubert Gesamtausgabe, editing the dramatic works and some of the orchestral music. He also edited operas by Handel, Gluck and Mozart and wrote songs and piano pieces.

Bibliography

  • MGG1 (A. Ott) [incl. list of works]
  • A. Mayr: Erinnerungen an Robert Fuchs (Graz, 1934)
  • A. Bettelheim: ‘Fuchs, Johann Nepomuk’, Österreichisches biographisches Lexicon 1815–1950, ed. E. Obermeyer-Marnach (Vienna, 1954)
  • H. Walter: ‘Haydns Schüler am Esterházyschen Hof’, Ars musica, musica scientia: Festschrift Heinrich Hürchen (Cologne, 1980), 449–54
  • C. Fifield: True Artist and True Friend: a Biography of Hans Richter (Oxford, 1993)
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart