Gaetano [Majer, Kajetan]
- Barbara Chmara-Żackiewicz
(b Warsaw, 1st half of the 18th century; d Warsaw, c1792). Polish composer and conductor, probably of German origin. He came to Warsaw from Dresden in 1758 and presumably had already worked at the court of King August III of Saxony (then King of Poland). Known as an accomplished violinist, in 1764 he created an orchestra for the coronation of Stanisław August Poniatowski. From 1765 he worked as a violinist at the newly established National Theatre, holding the post of orchestral director from 1776 (or 1779) until his death. At the same time he was responsible for concerts at the Royal Castle, where he employed the musicians and ran various kinds of ensembles. In 1772 he organized 17 concerts, with a similar number the following year, billed as ‘therapeutic concerts’ for the king who was then ill. He brought to the theatre various orchestras maintained by Polish princes such as W. Potocki (with which orchestra Gaetano performed on the harpsichord in ...