Gauk, Aleksandr Vasil′yevich
- I.M. Yampol′sky
(b Odessa, 3/Aug 15, 1893; d Moscow, March 30, 1963). Ukrainian conductor and composer. After studying at the Petrograd (St Petersburg) Conservatory with Glazunov (composition) and Nikolay Tcherepnin (conducting), he became conductor at the Petrograd Music Drama Theatre (1917), and at the State Opera and Ballet Theatre, now the Kirov (1923–31). He was then chief conductor successively of the Leningrad PO, 1930–34, of the USSR State SO in Moscow, 1936–41, and of the All-Union RSO, 1953–63. During this period he gave several first performances of works by Khachaturian, Myaskovsky, Shaporin, Shostakovich and others, and his conducting was distinguished by his sense of orchestral ensemble and perception of style. He taught at the conservatories of Leningrad (1927–33), Tbilisi (1941–3) and Moscow (1939–63), and his pupils included Mravinsky, Melik-Pashayev, Rabinovich and Svetlanov. His compositions include a symphony, concertos for piano and harp, and works for strings and solo piano, and he made orchestral arrangements of works by Tchaikovsky and Musorgsky (including the latter’s unfinished opera, ...