Giraut [Girautz, Guiraut] de Bornelh [de Borneill]
- Robert Falck
- , revised by John Haines
(b Bourney, nr Périgueux, c1140; dc 1200). Troubadour. He was called by his contemporaries the ‘maestre del trobadors’. His vida (for sources, see Pillet and Carstens, p.203) states that he was born in modest circumstances but managed to acquire a good education, and that he was held in high esteem for the subtlety and perfection of his poems by ‘noblemen and by connoisseurs’. His songs show that he travelled widely, visiting virtually every court in southern France and northern Spain. This is confirmed in the vida, which reports that in winter he taught in school, and in summer he travelled from court to court accompanied by two singers who performed his songs. From references in two poems (PC 242.33 and 41), it seems likely that he was at some time a participant in the Third Crusade.
77 poems are attributed to Giraut, among them three tensos...