- Andrew D. McCredie
(b Kirchberg, Saxony, Jan 13, 1683; d Darmstadt, May 10, 1760). German composer. The son of Christoph Graupner (1650–1721) and Maria Hochmuth (1653–1721), he was born into a family of tailors and clothmakers. He received his earliest musical training from the local Kantor Michael Mylius (who early detected Graupner’s exceptional abilities to sing at sight) and the organist Nikolaus Kuster. In 1694 Graupner followed Kuster to Reichenbach, remaining there under his guidance until admitted as an alumnus of the Thomasschule in Leipzig, where he remained from 1696 to 1704. His teachers there included Johann Schelle and Kuhnau, for whom he also worked as copyist and amanuensis. His subsequent studies in jurisprudence at the University of Leipzig were broken off in 1706 through a Swedish military invasion, and he emigrated to Hamburg. In Leipzig he had already made firm and artistically stimulating friendships with G.P. Telemann (then director of the collegium musicum) and Gottfried Grünewald....