- Arnolds Klotiņš
(b Alūksne, Aug 30, 1926). Latvian musicologist, critic and composer. He studied at the Latvian Conservatory (later the Jāzeps Vītols Latvian Academy of Music) in Riga, graduating from the musicology department in 1952 and from Jānis Ivanov’s composition class in 1960. He was awarded the Kandidat degree (later upgraded to the doctorate) from the Leningrad Conservatory in 1969 for his book on Vītols. From 1961 he taught at the Latvian Conservatory; he was appointed associate professor in 1969 and professor in 1984. He was secretary of the Latvian Composers’ Union from 1959 to 1962 and again from 1968 to 1974. Grāvītis specializes in Latvian music history of the 19th and 20th centuries and has written extensive criticism and numerous essays, reviews, radio and television programmes and lectures. His most important contributions to Latvian musicology are his monographs on Latvian composers, and a volume of biographical studies of Soviet Latvian musicians which he edited (...