Backer Grøndahl, Agathe (Ursula)
- Nils Grinde
(b Holmestrand, Dec 1, 1847; d Kristiania [now Oslo], June 4, 1907). Norwegian composer and pianist. She married the conductor Olams Andreas Grøndahl in 1875. She first studied the piano in Christiania with Winter-Hjelm and Kjerulf, then in Berlin at Kullak's Neue Akademie der Tonkunst (1865–7) and later (1871–2) with Bülow in Florence and Liszt in Weimar. She also studied theory and composition with L.M. Lindeman in Christiania and R. Wüerst in Berlin. Influential in Norway as both performer and teacher, she also made concert tours in the other Scandinavian countries and in Germany and England, and was recognized as an outstanding pianist by her contemporaries. Her chief significance, however, was as a composer of songs (of which she wrote about 190) and piano pieces (about 120); she also wrote some songs for chorus, and more than 50 Norwegian folksong arrangements; her orchestral compositions are limited to two works from her student days in Berlin....