Guarini, (Giovanni) Battista
- Barbara Russano Hanning
(b Ferrara, Italy, late 1538; d Venice, Italy, Oct 7, 1612). Italian lyric and dramatic poet, diplomat, and courtier. He was one of the poets most responsible for the pastoral vogue that captivated the European imagination in the late 16th century and persisted virtually until the French Revolution. He was also perhaps the poet whose verses were most frequently set by Italian madrigalists and monodists in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
Guarini came from a prominent family of humanistic scholars and literati of Veronese origin. Following a period of study at Padua, at the age of 19 he replaced his uncle Alessandro as professor of rhetoric and poetics at Ferrara. His marriage in about 1560 to Taddea, a sister of the famous Ferrarese singer Lucrezia Bendidio, resulted in eight children, with whom in later life he was much at odds. In 1564 he joined the Paduan Accademia degli Eterei and in ...