Guarnieri, (Mozart) Camargo
- Gerard Béhague
(b Tietê, São Paulo, Feb 1, 1907; d São Paulo, Jan 13, 1993). Brazilian composer, conductor and teacher. A Sicilian immigrant’s son, he studied first with a local teacher and then, in São Paulo, he took piano lessons with Ernani Braga and Antonio de Sá Pereira. While a composition pupil of Baldi, he was decisively directed by Andrade towards folk and popular music, and so to composition in the nationalist aesthetic. In 1927 he was appointed to teach the piano at the São Paulo Conservatory and, with the foundation of the São Paulo Department of Culture in 1935, he took charge of its choral and orchestral conducting, particularly distinguishing himself as director of the Coral Paulistano. A Council of Artistic Orientation fellowship took him to Paris in 1938, and there he studied composition and aesthetics with Koechlin and conducting with Ruhlmann; he also had fruitful contact with Boulanger and secured some performances, returning to Brazil at the outbreak of war. In ...