Gubaydulina, Sofiya Asgatovna
- Valentina Kholopova
(b Chistopol′, Oct 24, 1931). Russian composer, resident in Germany. She first studied at the Kazan′ Conservatory with Grigory Kogan (piano) and Al′bert Leman (composition), graduating in 1954, and then studied composition at the Moscow Conservatory with Nikolay Peyko (1954–9). She became a member of the Composers’ Union in 1961 and finished postgraduate studies with Shebalin in Moscow in 1963. She then worked at the Moscow experimental studio for electronic music (1969–70) and was a member of the Astrea improvisation group (with Viktor Suslin and Vyacheslav Artyomov, 1975–81, and with Suslin and his son Aleksandr from 1991). In 1990 she joined the committee which awarded the State and Lenin prizes; she has herself been a recipient of numerous prizes and awards, including the Koussevitzky Prize (1990 and 1994), the State Prize of Russia (1992), the Kulturpreis des Kreises Pinneberg (...