Guerrero (y Torres), Jacinto
- Andrew Lamb
(b Ajofrín, Toledo, Aug 16, 1895; d Madrid, Sept 15, 1951). Spanish composer. He was a choirboy at Toledo Cathedral, then studied at the Madrid Conservatory with Benito Laparro and Conrado del Campo. He joined the orchestra of the Teatro Apolo as a violinist and was later its conductor. His early compositions included a symphonic poem and religious music, but his future path in popular music was determined by the huge success of a song, Himno a Toledo. La alsaciana (1921) established him in the field of the zarzuela and was followed by many more. Los gavilanes (1923) was performed simultaneously at five theatres in Barcelona and has remained one of the most performed of all zarzuelas, along with La montería (1922), El huésped del sevillano (1926) and La rosa del azafrán (1930). He later composed music for films and revues; his stage works number about 200 in all. His broad, rich melodies have kept him to the fore among 20th-century zarzuela composers. Guerrero also organized travelling zarzuela companies to perform in Spain and abroad, and he was at one time president of the Sociedad General de Autores de España....