Guichard, François, Abbé
- Ethyl L. Will
(b Le Mans, Aug 26, 1745; d Paris, Feb 23, 1807). French composer, guitarist, singer and ecclesiastic. In his youth he sang in the choir of Le Mans Cathedral and studied both music and literature at the maîtrise there. After moving to Paris he was an alto in the choir at Notre Dame and later appointed sous-maître de musique. During the Revolution he lost this position and was forced to earn his livelihood by teaching singing and the guitar. A celebrated guitarist as well as a diligent composer of both secular and sacred music, he furnished many guitar accompaniments for airs by other composers (e.g. Grétry, Devienne and Doche) and edited a volume of guitar solos (Petits airs, c1780) that included works by Grétry, Monsigny and Philidor. His own vocal compositions, admired for their beautiful and original melodies, enjoyed something of a vogue in Paris; before the Revolution he published at least ten vocal collections (...