Gui d'Ussel [Uisel, Uissel]
- Ian R. Parker
(bc1170; d before 1225). Troubadour. He, his two brothers Eble and Peire and his cousin Elias were seigneurs of the fortress of Ussel-sur-Sarzonne (Corrèze). According to his vida, Gui renounced his seigneurie in exchange for canonries at Brioude (Haute-Loire) and Montferrand (now Clermont-Ferrand). The vida also states that he composed songs whereas Elias wrote tensos and Eble mala tensos on all of which Peire ‘descanted’. There is no evidence that this is a reference to polyphonic descanting; it seems rather to imply simply the art of melody writing. Gui is said to have obeyed an injunction from the papal legate ordering him to stop composing; this may have been in about 1209 (Audiau). His chanson Si be·m partetz was the basis for a strophic exchange by Peire, En Gui d'Uisel (PC 361.1), but no separate melody has survived. Gui is the only troubadour of the Ussel family whose melodies are extant. His attributed works include eight chansons, three pastourelles, seven ...