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date: 20 August 2019



Republic on the northeastern coast of South America with an area of 215,000 km² and a population of 874,000 (2000 estimate). Formerly named British Guiana, it gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1966 and became a member of the British Commonwealth. Though on the mainland, Guyana is a part of the circum-Caribbean culture area and its heterogeneous musical traditions are most similar to those of other Caribbean poly-ethnic or plural societies (see Suriname, Republic of. and Trinidad and Tobago, Republic of). The music of Guyana comprises three distinct traditions: that of the Amerindian tribes (5% of the population in 1975), of the East Indian community (51%) and of the African-derived blacks and Creoles (31%). However, by the beginning of the 21st century, little musicological research had been conducted there.

GEWM, ii (‘Guyana’, O. Ahyoung) W.H. Brett: The Indian Tribes of Guiana (London, 1868), 133, 154, 349...

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The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music