Habermann, Franz (Johann or Wenzel) [František Václav; Franciscus]
- Milan Poštolka
(Johann or Wenzel) [František Václav; Franciscus]
(b Königswart, nr Eger [now Cheb], Bohemia, Sept 20, 1706; d Eger, April 8, 1783). Bohemian composer and choirmaster. As the relevant baptismal register is lost, Habermann’s full christian name cannot be verified; his published op.1 gives only Franciscus. He attended the Jesuit grammar school of Klatovy. The claim that he studied philosophy at Prague University is disproved by the registers: it is his brother Karl who is listed there as bachelor (in 1731) and master (in 1732) of philosophy. After studying composition at Prague (probably with F.J. Dollhopf) and on visits to Italy, Spain and France, Habermann was appointed music director at the court of Prince Louis-Henri of Condé in 1731, and later moved in the same capacity to the court of the Duke of Tuscany in Florence. He returned to Bohemia in the early 1740s, and achieved success with an opéra comique commissioned by the Prague Jesuits for the coronation of Empress Maria Theresa as Queen of Bohemia. He worked as choirmaster at two Prague monastic churches; he became Kantor at Eger in ...