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date: 17 August 2019

Hannikainen familylocked

  • Timo Mäkinen
  •  and Kimmo Korhonen


Finnish family of musicians.

(b Nurmes, Dec 9, 1854; d Helsinki, Sept 13, 1924). Composer, conductor, educationist and writer. The son of a cantor, he held a degree in chemistry but was almost entirely self-taught in music. In 1882 he formed and conducted the Helsinki student choir ‘YL’ to give Finnish-language performances, and from 1885 to 1887 was theatre and music critic for the newspaper Uusi suometar (now Uusi suomi). For 30 years from 1887 he pioneered musical education and taught choral singing at the training college (now university) in Jyväskylä, forming the men’s Sirkat choir there in 1899 and directing it for 16 years. He was active in national song and music festivals, made collections of folk music from Finnish and Russian Karelia, and founded the first Finnish music journal, Säveleitä (‘Melodies’), which he published for four years. Many of his school songs and other choral works became well known nationally, and he played a leading part in his country’s musical growth. As well as writing more than 70 poems, he translated literary works into Finnish (including the libretto of ...

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