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date: 18 August 2019

Harpsichord (Dutch klavecimbel; Fr. clavecin; Ger. Cembalo, Clavicimbal, Flügel, Kielflügel; It. cembalo, clavicembalo; Lat. clavicembalum; Port. cravo; Sp. clave, clavicordio)locked

  • Edwin M. Ripin,
  • Howard Schott,
  • John Koster,
  • Denzil Wraight,
  • Beryl Kenyon de Pascual,
  • G. Grant O’Brien,
  • Alfons Huber,
  • William R. Dowd,
  • Charles Mould,
  • Lance Whitehead
  •  and Martin Elste

Extract

(Dutch klavecimbel; Fr. clavecin; Ger. Cembalo, Clavicimbal, Flügel, Kielflügel; It. cembalo, clavicembalo; Lat. clavicembalum; Port. cravo; Sp. clave, clavicordio)

A stringed keyboard instrument, classified by Hornbostel and Sachs as a box zither; it is distinguished from the clavichord and the piano by the fact that its strings are plucked rather than struck, and characterized by an elongated wing shape like that of a grand piano. As in the grand piano, this shape results from the fact that the strings, growing progressively longer from treble to bass, run directly away from the player, in contrast to the oblique stringing of a spinet and the transverse stringing of a virginal. ‘Harpsichord’ is also used as a generic term (equivalent to Ger. Kielklavier or Kielinstrument) to include not only the wing-shaped instrument but also other forms such as the Clavicytherium, Spinet and Virginal. The earliest known reference to a harpsichord dates from 1397, when a jurist in Padua wrote that a certain Hermann Poll claimed to have invented an instrument called the ‘clavicembalum’; and the earliest known representation of a harpsichord is a sculpture in an altarpiece of ...

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M. Praetorius: Theatrum instrumentorum [pt ii/2 of PraetoriusSM]
Revista de musicología
Early Music
Anuario musical
C. Burney: The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Provinces (London, 1773, 2/1775)
[flourished]
S. Virdung: Musica getutscht (Basle, 1511/R)
R.M.A. [Royal Musical Association] Research Chronicle
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
C. Burney: The Present State of Music in France and Italy (London, 1771, 2/1773)
D.H. Boalch: Makers of the Harpsichord and Clavichord 1440 to 1840
Revue musicale
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
Archiv für Musikforschung
Tijdschrift van de Vereniging voor Nederlandse muziekgeschiedenis [and earlier variants]
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society
Musical Quarterly
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional
Music & Letters
Galpin Society Journal
Analecta musicologica