Hauer, Josef Matthias
- John Covach
(b Wiener Neustadt, March 19, 1883; d Vienna, Sept 22, 1959). Austrian composer and theorist. He attended the Wiener Neustadt Teacher Training Institute (1897–1902) and then, apart from breaks for war service, taught in elementary schools in Krumbach and Wiener Neustadt until he was prematurely pensioned off in 1919. At the same time he was active as an organist, choral conductor, and cellist. He taught himself theory and composition, passed further state examinations as a teacher of singing, the violin, and the piano, and at the age of 28 began to compose. Hauer’s early works, opp.1–18 (1912–19) – which he described retrospectively as the ‘first onset of my 12-note music’ – are mostly chromatic yet still tonal or modal, though some passages also explore atonality in a manner loosely similar to the contemporary music of Schoenberg and Webern. These early pieces range from songs and piano miniatures to the dramatic ...