Heyer, (Friedrich) Wilhelm (Ferdinand)
- Otto E. Albrecht
- , revised by Robert von Zahn
(b Cologne, March 30, 1849; d Cologne, March 20, 1913). German music patron. The son of a teacher, he entered the paper business and in 1885 founded the paper manufacturing firm of Poensgen & Heyer. As an enthusiastic amateur he played a prominent part in Cologne musical life, serving on the boards of the conservatory and the Musikalische Gesellschaft and assisting young musicians at the start of their careers. He began to collect musical instruments in about 1900. In 1905 he purchased the private collection of the Leipzig collector Paul de Wit; he also received keyboard instruments from the firm of Ibach in Barmen, and acquired the Florentine collection of Alessandro Kraus. In 1906 Heyer established a Musikhistorisches Museum in Cologne, which eventually contained 2600 instruments, with a workshop for their restoration; its library contained 1700 autographs of some 700 composers, more than 20,000 letters and 3700 portraits. Ernst Praetorius was curator of the museum from ...