- Geoffrey K. Spratt
(b Le Havre, 10 March 1892; d Paris, 27 Nov 1955). Swiss-French composer. A member of Les Six, his serious-minded musical aesthetic was entirely different from that of others in the group. He developed unusual musical and dramatic forms in large-scale works for voices and orchestra, and was one of the 20th century's most dedicated contrapuntists, with a clear indebtedness to Bach. His language is essentially tonal but characterized by a highly individual use of dissonance. Despite his admiration for Debussy and Ravel, his music is often rugged and uncompromising....