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Scope of the study of instruments as objects and as aspects of biological and social musical activity; ‘corporeal determinants’ refers to the player’s body movements such as pulling, pushing, striking and lifting, tension and distension of muscles etc.

Scope of the study of instruments as objects and as aspects of biological and social musical activity; ‘corporeal determinants’ refers to the player’s body movements such as pulling, pushing, striking and lifting, tension and distension of muscles etc.

Two-step classification key

Two-step classification key

Single-step classification key

Single-step classification key

Examples of downward classification in taxonomies; the term ‘category’ is reserved for the highest levels and ‘taxa’ for the lower steps

Examples of downward classification in taxonomies; the term ‘category’ is reserved for the highest levels and ‘taxa’ for the lower steps

Three-dimensional typology of a European willow-bark flute

Three-dimensional typology of a European willow-bark flute

Three-dimensional paradigm of Tiboli instruments and ensembles (based on Mora, 1987)

Three-dimensional paradigm of Tiboli instruments and ensembles (based on Mora, 1987)

Sample taxonomy of instruments

Sample taxonomy of instruments

Hypothetical Classification of Instruments Composed of Parts Belonging to Different Groups of the Hornbostel-Sachs Classification System

Hypothetical Classification of Instruments Composed of Parts Belonging to Different Groups of the Hornbostel-Sachs Classification System

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C. Sachs: The History of Musical Instruments (New York, 1940)
Die Musikforschung
Galpin Society Journal
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Acta musicologica
Journal of the International Folk Music Council
Yearbook of the International Folk Music Council
Ethnomusicology