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date: 22 November 2019

Intermedio [intromessa, introdutto, tramessa, tramezzo, intermezzo] (It.; Fr. intermède)locked

  • David Nutter

Extract

[intromessa, introdutto, tramessa, tramezzo, intermezzo] (It.; Fr. intermède)

A form of musico-dramatic entertainment inserted between the acts of plays in the Renaissance and Baroque periods.

Intermedi were first performed at the court in Ferrara in the late 15th century between the acts of the ancient comedies of Titus Maccius Plautus and Terence and those of their humanist successors. Because these plays were divided into five acts four intermedi were required; later intermedi were added before and after the play to increase the number to six, but that was by no means the rule. Since the stage remained open for the entirety of the play once the curtain had been drawn, the insertion of intermedi was a means of clarifying the division of the play into acts. In some instances only instrumental music was used, played out of sight of the audience (intermedio non apparente or ‘invisible’). Far more popular, however, was the staged or ‘visible’ type (...

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Brussels, Conservatoire Royal, Bibliothèque, Koninklijk Conservatorium, Bibliotheek
Rassegna musicale
N. Pirrotta and E. Povoledo: Li due Orfei: da Poliziano a Monteverdi (Turin, 1969, enlarged 2/1975; Eng. trans., 1982, as Music and Theatre from Poliziano to Monteverdi)
Analecta musicologica
L. Allacci: Drammaturgia
A. Solerti: Musica, ballo e drammatica alla corte medicea dal 1600 al 1637 (Florence, 1905/R)
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
I. Fenlon: Music and Patronage in Sixteenth-Century Mantua (Cambridge, 1980-82)
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Acta musicologica
Rivista italiana di musicologia
A. Einstein: The Italian Madrigal (Princeton, NJ, 1949/R)