Ireland (Irish Éire)
- Harry White
- and Nicholas Carolan
Country in Europe. It is the second-largest island of the British Isles. It is divided into two sections, the Republic of Ireland, which comprises 26 southern counties, and Northern Ireland, which comprises six counties of Ulster and is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Although the distinction between ‘art’ music and ‘traditional’ music obtains with reasonable clarity in Ireland after the Battle of Kinsale (1601) and the defeat of the Gaelic aristocracy, it reflects an ethnic divergence and the pre-eminence of English norms over an oral Gaelic culture that thereafter was preserved and developed in severely polarized circumstances. The fragmented polity of modern Ireland, no more clearly expressed than in the counter-claims of Gaelic and Anglo-Irish perceptions of high culture, has determined the understanding of orally transmitted music as a corpus of ethnic melodies, with its roots in the culture of Gaelic Ireland. The concept of ‘art music’ incorporates the norms of European (English, German, Italian) musical patronage assimilated as part of the colonial status quo, especially after the Battle of the Boyne (...