Côte d'Ivoire, République de la [Republic of the Ivory Coast]
- Hugo Zemp
[Republic of the Ivory Coast]
Country in West Africa. The modern state, covering an area of 320,783 km² and with a population of 15·14 million (2000 estimate), comprises about 60 different peoples whose diversity of culture and language is reflected in their music. The music of the peoples belonging to the four large linguistic groups recognized in Côte d'Ivoire is discussed here: the Dan of the Mande group, the Wè (Guere or Gere) of the Kru group, the Baoulé (Baule) of the Akan group and the Sénoufo (Senufo) of the Volta group (fig.1). The Dan inhabit the edge of the savanna and the forest in the west of Côte d'Ivoire and in the hinterland of Liberia; in the north-west they border on Guinea. The Wè, who live entirely in the forest, are also established partly in Côte d'Ivoire and partly in Liberia. The Baoulé live in the V-shaped wedge of savanna that cuts into the centre of Côte d'Ivoire, but originally came from forest areas in present-day Ghana. The Sénoufo live in the savanna in the north of Côte d'Ivoire, and in Burkina Faso and Mali....