- John S. Weissmann
- , revised by Melinda Berlász
(b Budapest, Jan 30, 1920; d Budapest, July 29, 1966). Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist and critic . He began his musical studies as a violinist in Rome at the age of eight and continued his lessons in Budapest with Ilona Votisky. In 1936 he entered the Liszt Academy of Music, where he studied the violin with Zathureczky until 1940. He studied composition privately with Bárdos (1934–8) and then with Kodály at the Academy of Music (until 1942). Concurrently he attended Budapest University, where he took the doctorate in 1943 with a dissertation on the secular music of the Kide Magyars.
A member of Kodály’s youngest generation of pupils, Járdányi was the last prominent figure to continue his teacher's programme for the development of music education in Hungary. He taught composition, theory, solfège and folk music at the Liszt Academy (1944–59), and in 1948 joined the folk music commission (headed by Kodály) of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Taking as his starting-point the work of Bartók and Kodály, Járdányi developed a new system for classifying Hungarian folksongs, the method of which was first published in ...