Jeritza, Maria [Mizzi] [Jedlitzka, Marie]
- Desmond Shawe-Taylor
[Mizzi] [Jedlitzka, Marie]
(b Brno, Oct 6, 1887; d Orange, NJ, July 10, 1982). Moravian soprano, active in Austria and the USA. After studies in Brno and Prague, she made her début at Olmütz in 1910 as Elsa; she then joined the Vienna Volksoper and in 1912 appeared at the Hofoper. She quickly became an immense favourite in Vienna, where she sang regularly for over two decades; she was especially admired as Tosca, Minnie and Turandot, and in many Strauss roles. She was the first Ariadne in both versions of Ariadne auf Naxos (1912, Stuttgart; 1916, Vienna), and the first Empress in Die Frau ohne Schatten (1919, Vienna). Her Salome was a remarkably vivid assumption. Having sung Marietta in the first Vienna performance of Korngold’s Die tote Stadt, she repeated this role for her Metropolitan début later in the same year (19 November 1921). Of greater musical significance was her Jenůfa in both the first Viennese (...