Kirnberger [Kernberg], Johann Philipp
- Howard Serwer
(b Saalfeld, bap. April 24, 1721; d Berlin, 26 or July 27, 1783). German theorist and composer. All information relating to his career before 1754 is based on F.W. Marpurg’s biographical sketch (1754), an autograph album described by Max Seiffert (1889) and comments found in letters Kirnberger wrote to J.N. Forkel in the late 1770s (published in Bellermann, 1871). He received his earliest training on the violin and harpsichord at home, and attended grammar school in Coburg and possibly Gotha. He studied the organ with J.P. Kellner in Gräfenroda before 1738, and then the violin with a musician named Meil and the organ with Heinrich Nikolaus Gerber in Sondershausen in 1738. According to Marpurg, Kirnberger went in 1739 to Leipzig, where he studied composition and performance with Bach for two years (the autograph book shows that he was in Sondershausen in 1740 and Leipzig in ...