- Ronald Crichton
(b Vienna, March 31, 1893; d Mexico City, May 16, 1954). Austrian conductor. He was the son of the Viennese actress and singer Clementine Krauss, and great-nephew of the soprano Gabrielle Krauss. At the age of eight he became a treble in the Hofkapelle. In 1912 he went to Brno as chorus director, conducting his first opera there the following year. He was at Riga (1913–14), Nuremberg (1915–16) and Szczecin (1916–21), which gave him frequent opportunities of hearing Nikisch in Berlin, before returning to Austria in 1921 as conductor of the opera and symphony concerts at Graz. In the following year he transferred to Vienna as conductor at the Staatsoper and director of the conducting class at the State Academy of Music. From 1924 to 1929 he was opera Intendant at Frankfurt and director of the Museum Concerts. In 1929 he was back in Vienna as director of the Staatsoper, and in ...