L’Affilard [Laffilard, L’Affillard, La Filiade], Michel
- Erich Schwandt
(bc1656; d Versailles, April 1708). French composer, theorist and singer. On 24 March 1679 he was appointed chantre clerc at the Ste Chapelle, Paris, where he may have studied with René Ouvrard. He joined the royal chapel at Versailles in 1683 and remained there until his death. He married Anne Typhaine in 1685. In 1696 he became an officer of the king’s music and bought a coat-of-arms.
L’Affilard was the first composer to supply metronomic indications for his own music, and he was scrupulous in editing it, indicating breathing places, ornaments and notes inégales. His surviving music amounts to about three dozen elegant airs de mouvement or dance-songs, which are found in manuscript (in F-V and CDN-Mn), in Recueils published by Ballard (RISM 1695³ and 1697², and two others of 1701 and 1705) and especially in what might be termed his ‘complete works’: the ...