Lang, Josephine (Caroline)
- Marcia J. Citron
(b Munich, March 14, 1815; d Tübingen, Dec 2, 1880). German composer. She was first taught music by her mother, and made her début at the age of 11, playing a set of piano variations by Henri Herz. Her earliest compositions date from 1828. In 1830 she met Mendelssohn, who wrote a glowing report to his family (letter of 6 October 1831). He gave her lessons in theory and recommended that she study in Berlin, but Lang's father decided against it. Mendelssohn remained enthusiastic about Lang, and his opinion was shared by his sister Fanny (letter of 13 July 1841). During the 1830s Lang taught singing and the piano, sang in the Königliche Vokalkapelle and composed. In 1837 Schumann praised her music in a review of Das Traumbild op.28 no.1. Her courtship by her future husband, the poet Christian Reinhold Köstlin, led to an outpouring of lieder in the summer of ...