Lipiński, Karol Józef
- Józef Powroźniak
- , revised by Zofia Chechlińska
(b Radzyń, Oct 30, 1790; d Urłów, nr Lemberg, Dec 16, 1861). Polish violinist, conductor, composer and teacher. He learnt the violin and rudiments of music from his father Feliks (1765–1847), conductor of the orchestra of the Potocki family. In 1799 Feliks Lipiński was appointed conductor of the Count Starzeński Orchestra in Lemberg, of which young Karol became a member. Under the influence of his friend the cellist F. Kremes, Lipiński studied the cello for a certain time but soon returned to the violin, developing the beautiful, strong and deep tone which was to become characteristic of his playing. In 1810 he became first violinist and later conductor of a theatre orchestra in Lemberg, where three operas by him were performed (1813–14). In 1814 he went to Vienna and met Spohr, who encouraged him to study the violin further. On his return to Lemberg he resigned from the theatre and concentrated on practising and composing. After reading in the newspapers about Paganini, he decided to hear him and in ...