Lusitano, Vicente [Lusitanus, Vincentius]
- Bonnie J. Blackburn
(b ?Olivença [now Olivenza, Spain]; d after 1561). Portuguese composer and theorist. His family name is unknown: the surname ‘Lusitano’ simply means ‘Portuguese’. Much of the received knowledge of his life is based on the 18th-century biography of Barbosa Machado: Vicente was born in Olivença, became a priest of the order of St Peter, and taught with great success in Padua and Viterbo. He published a treatise, Introduttione felicissima, in Venice in 1561, which was translated into Portuguese by Bernardo da Fonseca and published in Lisbon in 1603. One of Barbosa Machado's sources calls him a mestizo. Except for the fact of his priesthood and the printing of his Italian treatise, none of these statements has yet been verified. More can be deduced from his writings and the documentation concerning his dispute with Nicola Vicentino in Rome in 1551.
Lusitano's book of motets, Liber primus epigramatum, was dedicated to the young Dinis de Lencastre, son of Dom Afonso de Lencastre, Portuguese ambassador to the Holy See, ...