Lyadov [Liadov], Anatoly [Anatol] Konstantinovich
- Jennifer Spencer
- , revised by Edward Garden
(b St Petersburg, 29 April/May 11, 1855; d Polïnovka, Novgorod district, 16/Aug 28, 1914). Russian composer, teacher and conductor. His first teacher was his father, conductor at the Mariinsky Theatre from 1850 to 1868, but lessons were irregular and unsystematic. In 1870 he entered the junior classes of the St Petersburg Conservatory with the piano and the violin as his principal studies. He soon forsook both instruments, but remained an accomplished pianist. He transferred to Johannsen’s classes in counterpoint and fugue, where he developed a lasting interest in contrapuntal techniques. Rimsky-Korsakov recalled that he and Lyadov each wrote a fugue a day on the same subject during the summer of 1878 and, according to Rimsky-Korsakov's pupil, Jāzeps Vītols, the Canons op.34 were composed during breakfast in the conservatory common room. In 1873 Musorgsky described Lyadov to Stasov as ‘a new, unmistakable, original and Russian young talent’; his songs op.1 date from this time. He was admitted to Rimsky-Korsakov’s composition classes but before long was expelled (together with his great friend Georgy Dütsch) for failure to attend. Lyadov was however readmitted early in ...