Marchesi [Marchesini], Luigi
- Sven Hansell
(b Milan, Aug 8, 1755; d Milan,14/15/Dec 18, 1829). Italian castrato and composer. He studied with the tenor Albuzzi and the castrato Caironi, either in Modena (Schmidl) or in Milan (Gerber), where he had entered the cathedral choir in 1765 and later studied composition with its director Fioroni. He made his theatrical début in Rome’s Teatro delle Dame, singing female roles in three comic operas (1773–4); he never again appeared in either female or comic roles. During Carnival 1775 he took minor roles at the Regio Ducal Teatro, Milan, and later sang in Venice and Treviso; in Carnival 1776 he began a six-year contract with the Munich court, but sang there for two seasons only. On 31 January 1778 he was dismissed because of retrenchments following the death of the elector (30 December 1777).
Marchesi’s emergence as one of the foremost singers in Italy dates from his engagement at the Teatro S Carlo, Naples (...