Martí [Martinez], Samuel
- Gerard Béhague
( b El Paso, TX, May 18, 1906; d Tepoztlán, March 29, 1975). Mexican ethnomusicologist, conductor and violinist . He studied first in El Paso at the Manuel Gil Academy of Music, then at the Conservatory of Music in Chicago, where he was also active as a violinist. On moving to Mérida (1935) he founded and directed the Orquesta Sinfónica de Yucatán and the Conciertos Martí, which remained active for over 20 years. Subsequently he settled in Mexico City and devoted himself to ethnomusicological research, concentrating on pre-Columbian music, instruments and dances of Mexican cultures, a subject he pioneered. In 1968 he discovered a new Mixtec archaeological site in the heart of the Sierra Madre of Oaxaca, which proved to be one of the richest areas of pre-Columbian culture.Técnica básica para violín y viola/Basic Violin-Viola Technique (Mérida, 1938) ‘Música de las Américas’, Cuadernos americanos, no.56 (1951), 153–68...