- Barbara Zwolska-Stęszeweska
(b Torun, March 10, 1937). Polish composer. She attended the State Higher School of Music in Poznań (1953–8), where her teachers included Szeligowski, and studied composition with Sikorski at the Warsaw Academy (1960–64); she completed her studies under Boulanger in Paris (1968). A freelance composer, she has worked frequently with Polish music theatres, enabling her to pursue an avid interest in composing operas and oratorios. The distinctive feature of her compositional style is strong expressivity realized using frugal means. Her works have received prizes in Poland and at international competitions, and have been performed at numerous European music festivals; the choral work Septem tubae was performed at the ISCM Weltmusikfest in Hamburg (1969) and her opera Julia i Romeo was first given at the Internationale Maifestspiele in Wiesbaden (1972); the title roles in the latter piece call for actors and dancers as well as singers....